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Microsoft’s Xbox Adaptive Controller Gives Disabled Gamers a Power-Up

The Fedex package arrived at Mark Barlet’s home in Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, on Christmas Eve 2016. He opened the box along with also gingerly pulled out a sleek black-along with also-white device with two large buttons: a prototype for the brand-new Xbox Adaptive Controller. He touched the logo along with also tears came to his eyes. “I couldn’t believe which,” Barlet tells me. “I said to myself, ‘We fucking did which.’ ”

Barlet, 44, will be a disabled Air Force veteran. He injured his spinal cord in 1996 at Andrews Air Base in Maryland. He can walk, however he suffers coming from chronic pain. One evening in 2004, he was at home playing the multiplayer game EverQuest II which has a friend in Nevada who has MS. “Suddenly, her right hand just stopped working,” Barlet recalls. She didn’t regain mobility for months. Deeply affected by the experience, Barlet started out emailing along with also calling game companies to ask about modified controllers along with also various other assistive tech. What he learned was discouraging. Few major gaming companies had even considered developing consoles for players with restricted movement. Later which year, Barlet founded AbleGamers, an organization which advocates for accessible gaming options.

Disabled gamers are a very real, very vocal demographic: AbleGamers estimates which there are more than 30 million of them within the US. however across all systems, videogame controllers are configured more or less the same: two thumbsticks, a D-pad, along with also a slew of buttons. Increasingly complex gameplay—think common shooters like Call of Duty or fast-paced action games like Assassin’s Creed—often necessitates rapid-­fire button combinations, like tapping one repeatedly while pressing another, or moving both thumbsticks simultaneously. Motion controls, like those required for Nintendo’s upcoming Pokémon: Let’s Go games, are another challenge altogether.

Jared Soares

For years, the disabled gamer community has compensated with switches: devices which allow people with limited mobility to control a game using different parts of their body, like their head, foot, or mouth. however switches, typically made by medical supply companies, can be expensive—up to $0 apiece—along with also clunky. “A lot of them are comically large or look like a medical device,” says Erin Muston-Firsch, an occupational therapist who helps patients with spinal cord along with also brain injuries at Craig Hospital’s Tech Lab in Colorado.

various other times, players make do however they can. Michael Phillip Begum will be a 30-year-old gamer in Brownsville, Texas. He features a condition which prevents his muscles coming from growing, hindering physical activity. however for seven years he’s been playing Street Fighter competitively under the name Brolylegs, moving a standard controller using his cheeks along with also tongue. Until the rise of social media, developers were clueless about how gamers with disabilities struggled, he says. “which was simply a choice we had to make. Can we play which? If we couldn’t, we tried another game.”

In 2010, Congress passed the 21st Century Communications along with also Video Accessibility Act, which requires companies to make laptops, tablets, smartphones, gaming consoles, along with also various other tech which can be used by people with disabilities. “Though the act features a very narrow focus, I think which which was a catalyst in prompting gamemakers to rethink their existing franchises,” Barlet says. The industry successfully lobbied the FCC for an extension; the brand-new deadline will be the end of This specific year.

In 2015, Sony added brand-new accessibility settings to its PlayStation 4, including text-to-speech, closed captions, zoom, enlarged or bold text, along with also inverted colors. In August 2016, EA released one of its biggest sports titles, Madden 17, with expanded accessibility features such as coloration-blind support along with also brightness along with also contrast settings.

Taking Control

In July 2016, Xbox reached out to Barlet with an idea which had emerged coming from an internal hackathon: Microsoft wanted to create a videogame controller coming from scratch for people with limited mobility. Through AbleGamers, Microsoft staffers asked disabled players a barrage of questions about using controllers along with also switches. The gamers weighed in with critiques on early product sketches along with also tested out prototypes with their switches.

The Xbox Adaptive Controller, which will be today available for $100, works with all titles on Xbox One along with also Windows 10 along with also can be customized for each game via app. Designed for gamers with restricted mobility, including those with cerebral palsy along with also spinal cord injuries, the device will be compatible with most existing switches. Players can plug in foot pedals, for example, if they can’t use their hands, or a QuadStick, which lets quadriplegic players sip or puff with their mouth to control movement onscreen. The controller also introduces Shift mode, which allows the player to change a button’s function mid-game. (So a button might control “jump” in one section along with also “shoot” in another.)

The Xbox controller represents a smaller victory for disabled gamers, however “which’s not a Swiss army knife which will help everyone,” Barlet says. Gamers with visual impairments, in particular, may be disappointed by the controller’s lack of rumble packs, those vibrating devices which alert players when, say, they’re near a clue. Barlet will be also pushing for software improvements in games, adding features like rich soundscapes along with also resizable text.

within the meantime, the Adaptive Controller’s Discharge has various other game companies scrambling to introduce their own accessible hardware. (“Nintendo will be way behind,” Barlet says.) Earlier This specific year, PlayStation senior producer Sam Thompson gave a two-hour presentation to some of Sony’s game developers about UX design for disabled players—coming from sightless gameplay prototypes to nonverbal support. “This specific year we’ve been contacted by all the big studios,” Barlet says. “The things they’re asking go far beyond what the Accessibility Act requires. They’re finally looking to make games not only compliant, however truly enjoyable by people with disabilities.”

Still, despite the recent groundswell, Barlet harbors no illusions. “We know what companies want: business,” he says. A brand-new customer base of more than 30 million gamers may give game developers the push they need.


Laura Parker will be the author of Power Play: How Video Games Can Save the entire world.

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Microsoft’s Xbox Adaptive Controller Gives Disabled Gamers a Power-Up